Karl SauvantAffiliation: Columbia University

Bio: Karl P. Sauvant joined Columbia Law School as a Lecturer-in-Law in 2006, teaching since then a seminar on Foreign Direct Investment and Public Policy. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI), a fellow at the Academy of International Business, an honorary fellow at the European International Business Academy, Co-Chair of the Advisory Committee of CONNEX, and Senior International Adviser to the ITC on a project on Investment Facilitation for Development.

Sauvant was the Founding Executive Director of the Columbia Program on International Investment (CPII—established in 2006) which became (in 2008) the Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment (VCC) and is since 2014 the CCSI, a joint initiative of Columbia Law School and the Climate School at Columbia University. During his time leading CPII and VCC until 2012, he sought to make these institutions leading forums for discussions by scholars, policymakers, development advocates, students, and other stakeholders on issues related to foreign direct investment (FDI) in the global economy and the regulatory framework governing such investment, focusing particularly on the contribution of FDI to sustainable development. To that effect, he launched the Columbia International Investment Conference series in 2006; the Speaker Series on international investment law and policy issues in 2007; the Yearbook of International Investment Law and Policy in 2009 (and was the Editor of the first four editions); and the Columbia FDI Perspectives in 2008 (and has been the Editor-in-Chief since then). He also was, until 2011, co-director of the Millennium Cities Initiative at the Earth Institute, responsible for helping African cities attract FDI.

In 2015, Sauvant launched a proposal for an international support program to facilitate sustainable investment. Structured discussions on a multilateral Investment Facilitation for Development Agreement began in the WTO in 2018, and were upgraded to negotiations in 2020; the text negotiations of the Agreement were concluded on July 6, 2023. He has advocated (since 2004 and together with Anna Joubin-Bret) the establishment of an Advisory Center on International Investment Law, a proposal that was put on the agenda of the United Nations Commission on Trade Law (UNCITRAL) in October 2019.  And, beginning in 1998, he championed the establishment of a facility to help developing countries negotiate large-scale contracts with international investors (from 2011 to 2016, in cooperation with Peter Eigen); the proposal was put on the G7 agenda in 2014, under the name of “CONNEX”, and was implemented by Germany in 2017, when it established the CONNEX Support Unit in Berlin.

Sauvant served (2001-2005) as Director of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s Division on Investment, Technology and Enterprise Development until his retirement in 2005, managing the division and promoting international consensus-building in the areas of FDI, technology and enterprise development, providing intellectual leadership for policy-oriented research, and conceptualizing and supervising technical assistance activities. He had joined the United Nations in 1973, where he created in 1991 the annual World Investment Report, of which he was the team leader and lead author until 2004. In 1992, he founded the peer reviewed journal Transnational Corporations, serving as its editor until 2005. He provided intellectual leadership and guidance to a series of 27 monographs on key issues related to international investment agreements (published in a three-set volume in 2004), and co-edited (with Prof. John H. Dunning) the 20-volume Library on Transnational Corporations (published by Routledge).

He has published widely on issues related to economic development and various aspects of FDI (see, here and here.)

Sauvant received, in 1975, a Ph.D. degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He is a national of Germany, married to Silvana F. da Silva, a national of Brazil.

Last Updated: October 2023